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Focus on the User: Your Gold IRA Specialists

Focus on the User are gold IRA specialists providing you with the best precious metal IRA resources and gold IRA consultations. Our team of gold IRA investment experts help you through the process of opening a gold IRA, to investing precious metals in your new self-directed IRA.

Invest gold, silver, platinum, and palladium in your retirement IRA. With Focus on the User's guidance, learn how to rollover your IRA, 401(k), TSP, or other retirement account into a self-directed precious metals IRA like gold or silver.

Focus on the User gold IRA consultation firm is run by a team of gold IRA experts dedicated to providing you with the most helpful support and resources to help you diversify your retirement into precious metals. We support many accounts, including the IRA, 401(k), TSP, Roth IRA, SIMPLE IRA, SEP IRA, 403(b), Roth 401(k), and Solo 401(k). Choose Focus on the User as your go-to gold IRA advisory firm.

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Rollover Gold Into Your IRA the Right Way

Our free eBook covers everything you need to know before you start diverisfying your retirement with precious metals like gold or silver.

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Gold IRAs With Focus on the User

Understanding the first steps to diversifying your IRA with gold starts here.

1. Choose Precious Metals For IRA

Compare precious metals, consider gold, silver, platinum, or palladium to rollover into your Gold IRA.

2. Rollover Retirement Account Into Gold IRA

Learn how to rollover your retirement account into a self-directed precious metals IRA.

3. Compare Gold IRA Companies

Compare the best precious metal companies before investing.

Select Gold, Silver, Platinum, Palladium For IRA

1. Choose Precious Metals For IRA

Investing in precious metals for an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) offers several strategic benefits. It's a pathway to diversification, providing a hedge against inflation and the potential for long-term growth. Historically, precious metals like gold and silver have shown resilience against economic downturns. Gold, for instance, has had an average annual return of 10-12%, while silver has grown an average of 10% annually over the last five years.

When considering precious metals for an IRA, a variety of products are available. For gold, there are coins like the American Eagles, boasting 91.67% purity, and bars that reach up to 99.9% purity. Silver options include coins such as American Silver Eagles (99.93% purity) and bars (99.9% purity). Platinum and palladium products are also viable, with IRS-approved purity standards at 99.95%.

The process of selecting and purchasing these metals for an IRA is crucial. It's important to opt for IRS-approved products and engage with reputable dealers. Factors like premiums over the spot price, liquidity of different metal forms, and alignment with long-term investment goals should be considered.

Gold bullion types

Gold Bullion

Gold bullion, characterized by its .999 fineness, stands as a robust investment for IRAs. It serves as a reliable hedge against inflation and currency devaluation. Globally, gold bullion is recognized for its liquidity and market acceptance.

Gold bullion coins

Gold Coins

Gold coins such as the American Eagle, Canadian Maple Leaf, and South African Krugerrand are popular among investors. These coins have their unique appeal due to their design, rarity, and historical significance. The premium over the spot price for gold coins typically ranges from 3% to 5%, influenced by factors like rarity and demand.

List of gold coins for investment:

  • American Eagle Gold Coins
  • American Buffalo Gold Coins
  • Canadian Maple Leaf Gold Coins
  • Canadian .99999 Gold Coins
  • Australian Kangaroo/Nugget Gold Coins
  • Australian Lunar Gold Coins
  • Austrian Philharmonic Gold Coins
  • British Britannia Gold Coins
  • British Queen's Beasts Gold Coins
  • Mexican Libertad Gold Coins
  • South African Krugerrand Gold Coins
  • Chinese Panda Gold Coins
  • British Gold Sovereign Coins
  • Pre-1933 US Gold Coins
Gold bullion bars

Gold Bars

Gold bars come in sizes ranging from 1 gram to 400 ounces. Notable refiners like PAMP Suisse and Credit Suisse ensure each bar comes with a serial number and certificate of authenticity. Gold bars have a lower premium over the spot price, typically between 1% and 2%, making them more cost-effective for larger investments.

Gold Rounds

Gold rounds, produced by private mints such as Sunshine Minting, are not legal tender and generally have a fineness of .999. They come in sizes from 1/10 oz to 1 oz and are priced closer to the gold spot price than coins. Gold rounds offer diverse designs, often reflecting historic or commemorative themes.

Gold IRA how it works

Gold IRA

For a Gold IRA, the IRS requires a minimum of 99.5% fineness for gold assets. The average setup fee for a Gold IRA ranges between $50 and $150, with annual maintenance fees from $75 to $300. The tax-deferred growth potential of a Gold IRA depends on the individual’s tax bracket and investment duration.

Silver bullion types

Silver Bullion

Silver, with a lower entry cost compared to gold, historically has a ratio of gold to silver prices around 1:80. It's valued for both its industrial demand and investment appeal, with a fineness of .999 or .9999 in investment forms. Silver's higher volatility can offer potentially higher percentage gains than gold.

Silver bullion coins

Silver Coins

Popular silver coins include the American Silver Eagle (99.93% purity) and Canadian Silver Maple Leaf (99.99% purity). Their legal tender values are typically $1 for the Eagle and $5 for the Maple Leaf. The collectibility factor due to unique designs and limited mintages influences their premium over the spot price, generally around 10-20%.

List of silver coins for investment:

  • American Eagle Silver Coins
  • Canadian Maple Leaf Silver Coins
  • Austrian Philharmonic Silver Coins
  • Australian Kookaburra Silver Coins
  • Mexican Libertad Silver Coins
  • Australian Kangaroo Silver Coins
  • British Britannia Silver Coins
  • Australian Koala Silver Coins
  • Australian Swan Silver Coins
  • Australian Lunar Silver Coins
  • South African Krugerrand Silver Coins
  • South African Big Five Silver Coins
  • Chinese Panda Silver Coins
  • Chinese Lunar Silver Coins
  • Junk Silver Coins (35%, 40% & 90% Silver)
Silver bullion bars

Silver Bars

Silver bars are available in sizes like 1 ounce to 100 ounces. Purchasing from recognized mints like Engelhard or Johnson Matthey ensures authenticity. Silver bars have a lower premium over spot price compared to coins, typically 4-6%, making them more economical for bulk investments.

Silver Rounds

Silver rounds from mints like Sunshine Mint have a typical fineness of .999 and are non-legal tender. They are priced slightly above the spot price of silver, making them more affordable than most legal tender coins. Silver rounds come in a variety of designs, from generic patterns to detailed replicas of historical coins.

Silver IRA how it works

Silver IRA

For a Silver IRA, the IRS mandates a minimum fineness of 99.9%. The fees for setting up a Silver IRA are similar to gold, with setup fees around $50 to $150 and annual maintenance fees from $75 to $300. A Silver IRA offers the potential for tax-deferred growth and is suitable for diversifying retirement portfolios.

Platinum bullion types

Platinum Bullion

Platinum, often surpassing gold in price, is prized for its rarity and high value as a precious metal. It has a significant industrial demand, particularly in automotive catalytic converters, which consume about 40% of annual platinum production. Investment-grade platinum bullion must meet a standard .9995 fineness to be eligible for IRA investments.

Platinum bullion coins

Platinum Coins

Platinum coins, such as the American Platinum Eagles and Canadian Platinum Maple Leafs, are recognized for their 99.95% purity. The limited mintages of certain platinum coins can enhance their value beyond the spot price of platinum. The premium over spot price for these coins typically ranges from 5-15%, influenced by factors such as collectibility, rarity, and design.

List of platinum coins for investment:

  • American Eagle Platinum Coin
  • Canadian Maple Leaf Platinum Coins
  • Australian Kangaroo Platinum Coins
  • Australian Koala Platinum Coins
  • Australian Platypus Platinum Coins
  • Australian Lunar Platinum Coins
  • British Britannia Platinum Coins
  • Isle of Man Noble Platinum Coins
  • Austrian Philharmonic Platinum Coins
  • South African Krugerrand Platinum Coins
  • South African Big Five Platinum Coins
  • Chinese Panda Platinum Coins
platinum bullion bars

Platinum Bars

Platinum bars are available in common sizes like 1 ounce, 10 ounces, and 1 kilogram. It's crucial to purchase bars from reputable refiners, as this guarantees the authenticity of the bars, often indicated by hallmarks and certificates. Platinum bars have a lower premium over spot price compared to coins, generally around 3-10%, making them a cost-effective option for larger investments.

Platinum IRA how it works

Platinum IRA

Platinum IRAs require platinum products to have a minimum purity of 99.95%. Investing in a Platinum IRA offers tax benefits such as tax-deferred growth and possible deductions. Including platinum in a retirement portfolio can provide diversification benefits due to its rarity and industrial demand.

Platinum bullion types

Palladium Bullion

The increasing popularity of palladium as an investment is driven by its significant industrial use, particularly in automotive catalytic converters. Palladium investment primarily comes in the forms of bars and coins, with a standard purity of .9995. Its price volatility can offer significant gains but also carries higher risks. The global production of palladium is limited, approximately 210 tons per year.

Platinum bullion coins

Palladium Coins

Palladium coins like the American Palladium Eagles and Canadian Palladium Maple Leafs have a purity of 99.95%. The premium over spot price for palladium coins typically ranges from 5-20%. Their limited mintages and unique designs add to the collectible appeal of palladium coins.

List of palladium coins for investment:

  • American Eagle Palladium Coins
  • Canadian Maple Leaf Palladium Coins
  • Russian Ballerina Palladium Coins
  • Australian Emu Palladium Coins
Platinum bullion bars

Palladium Bars

Palladium bars are available in sizes such as 1 ounce, 10 ounces, and 1 kilogram. Notable refiners like PAMP Suisse and Engelhard are known for their high-quality products. Palladium bars generally have lower premiums over spot price, around 3-8%, making them more attractive for larger investments.

Platinum IRA how it works

Palladium IRA

Setting up a Palladium IRA involves selecting an IRS-approved custodian and secure depository. The IRS requirements for Palladium IRAs mandate a minimum purity of 99.95%. Including palladium in a retirement investment portfolio can offer diversification benefits and potential growth opportunities.

Rollover IRA Into Gold or Silver

2. Rollover Retirement Account Into Precious Metals

The process of rolling over existing retirement accounts into a precious metals IRA includes traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, 401(k)s, and Thrift Savings Plans (TSPs). Each account type has specific rules and conditions, such as the two-year rule for SIMPLE IRAs and eligibility criteria post-employment for 401(k)s.

Self-Directed Precious Metals IRA

Understanding the tax implications of rollovers is vital. For instance, Roth IRAs offer tax-free growth and withdrawals, while traditional IRAs provide tax-deferred growth. It's important to comprehend the costs associated with a precious metals IRA rollover, including setup fees, annual maintenance fees, and storage fees, for effective financial planning and considering the long-term implications on investment returns.

Precious Metals Traditional IRA Rollover


Rolling over an IRA involves choosing a custodian, transferring funds (usually within 60 days to avoid penalties), and selecting precious metal products. The tax implications include potential tax-deferred status and IRS guidelines on indirect vs. direct rollovers. Selecting an IRS-approved custodian is crucial in managing a precious metals IRA.

Precious Metals Roth IRA

Roth IRA

The conversion process from a Roth IRA to a precious metals Roth IRA emphasizes tax-free growth and withdrawals post-age 59½. Eligibility criteria for precious metals in Roth IRAs include IRS-approved metals with specific purity standards. The benefits of a Roth IRA include post-retirement tax advantages and withdrawal flexibility.


Converting a SIMPLE IRA to a precious metals IRA involves adhering to eligibility criteria post the two-year period from the first contribution. The types of precious metals allowed and the importance of following IRS regulations are critical. Benefits include diversification and protection against inflation.

Precious Metals SEP IRA


SEP IRA rollovers into a precious metals IRA are suitable for self-employed individuals with higher contribution limits. The high contribution limits of SEP IRAs impact precious metal investment strategies. SEP IRAs follow the same purity standards as traditional IRAs for IRS-approved precious metals.

Precious Metals 401(k) Rollover


Eligibility for rolling over a 401(k) into a precious metals IRA generally occurs post-employment or under specific plan provisions. Understanding the differences in tax implications between traditional 401(k) and precious metals IRA is essential, especially regarding potential early withdrawal penalties. Diversifying retirement savings with precious metals can be beneficial, considering their historical performance against market volatility.

Precious Metals Roth 401(k) Rollover

Roth 401(k)

The process of rolling over a Roth 401(k) into a precious metals Roth IRA includes maintaining the Roth IRA’s tax benefits. The specific conditions under which a Roth 401(k) can be rolled over are important to consider. The selection of IRS-approved precious metals and the role of custodians in these investments are crucial.

Precious Metals Solo 401(k) Rollover

Solo 401(k)

Self-employed individuals with a Solo 401(k) can benefit from rolling over into a precious metals IRA. The high contribution limits of Solo 401(k) plans can be leveraged for larger precious metal investments. Compliance with IRS rules for eligible precious metal products and the selection of a custodian are important.

Precious Metals 403(b) Rollover


Rolling over a 403(b) plan, typically held by non-profit employees, into a precious metals IRA involves understanding specific regulations and limitations, including potential tax implications and penalties. Adding precious metals to a retirement portfolio can offer diversification and risk management benefits.

Precious Metals TSP Rollover


Federal employees using a Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) can roll it over into a precious metals IRA. It's crucial to understand the specific rules and conditions for a TSP rollover, including after retirement or when switching employers. The advantages of including precious metals in a TSP rollover include portfolio diversification and potential hedging against inflation.

Gold IRA Fees

Precious Metal IRA Fees & Costs

A breakdown of fees for precious metal IRAs includes setup fees typically ranging from $50 to $150, annual maintenance fees from $75 to $300, and storage fees between $100 to $300 per year. Segregated storage (individual) often costs more than non-segregated (communal) storage. These fees can be higher compared to traditional IRA fees.

Gold IRA Security, Storage, Insurance

Precious Metal IRA Security & Storage

The importance of secure storage for precious metal IRAs is paramount, necessitating IRS-approved depositories with robust security measures. Storage options, such as segregated vs. non-segregated, affect security and accessibility. Ensuring adequate insurance coverage for stored metals is crucial against theft, loss, and damage.

Top IRS-Approved Depositories

The best depositories include the Delaware Depository, known for comprehensive insurance coverage, Brink's Global Services, with a strong international presence, and HSBC Bank USA, recognized for robust security measures. These depositories are usually located in major financial centers like New York and Los Angeles, ensuring compliance with IRS standards and guaranteeing the safety and security of precious metal IRA assets.

IRS-Approved Depositories For Gold IRA:

  • Delaware Depository
  • Brink's Global Services USA, Inc.
  • HSBC Bank USA
  • Texas Precious Metals Depository
  • CNT Depository, Inc.
  • Loomis International
  • International Depository Services (IDS) Group
  • Dakota Depository Company
  • JP Morgan Chase Bank NA
  • The Perth Mint
Gold IRA Regulations and Compliance

Precious Metal IRA Regulations & Rules

Precious metal IRAs are governed by specific IRS regulations: gold must be 99.5% pure, silver 99.9%, and platinum and palladium 99.95%. These metals must be in forms approved by the IRS, such as bullion, coins, or bars. Contribution limits follow those of traditional IRAs ($6,000 for 2023, $7,000 for those over 50). Non-compliance can lead to taxes and penalties on disqualified assets, emphasizing the importance of adhering to IRS guidelines.

Gold IRA Scams

Avoid Precious Metal IRA Scams

Investors should be vigilant against common precious metal IRA scam indicators such as promises of exceptionally high returns, high-pressure sales tactics, and lack of transparency in fees and costs. It's advisable to check credentials and reviews, seeking companies with positive ratings from organizations like the Better Business Bureau (BBB). Verifying company legitimacy through regulatory bodies like the SEC or FTC is also crucial.

Comparing Precious Metal Companies and Custodians

3. Compare Precious Metal Companies

When comparing various companies in the precious metals space, including Gold IRA companies, self-directed IRA companies, and precious metal dealers, it's essential to consider factors like years in business, customer reviews, BBB ratings, and unique services offered. Evaluating these companies requires understanding their range of precious metal products, fee structures, storage options, and customer service quality. Due diligence and research are crucial in selecting a precious metals company, including checks for regulatory compliance, understanding buy-back policies, and evaluating educational resources. The trend of including cryptocurrencies in precious metal IRAs is also rising, and comparisons of top companies offering this service are relevant.

Best Gold IRA Companies

Top Gold IRA Companies

Top rated gold IRA companies such as Noble Gold Investments, Patriot Gold Group, and Orion Metal Exchange can be compared based on customer service ratings, fees, storage options, and product range. Details on company accreditation, years in business, and customer testimonials are important. Unique services like educational resources, online account management tools, and buy-back programs should also be considered.

Top Self-Directed IRA Companies

Companies specializing in self-directed IRAs, like Equity Trust and Entrust Group, can be compared based on experience, customer service, and range of services, including real estate and precious metals IRAs. Fee structures, such as flat fees versus percentage-based fees, are also crucial in the comparison.

Top Cryptocurrency IRA Companies

Companies like BitIRA, CoinIRA, and Bitcoin IRA should be evaluated for their security measures, range of cryptocurrencies offered, compliance with regulations, years in operation, and customer service ratings. Unique features, such as Bitcoin IRA's 24/7 trading platform, are also noteworthy.

Top Gold & Silver Investment Companies

Comparison of these companies should focus on their product offerings, educational resources, market analysis, reputation, accreditation, and customer feedback. Their track record in the precious metals market is a key factor.

Top Precious Metal Dealers

Comparing precious metal dealers involves looking at their product range, pricing transparency, customer service aspects (like shipping options and return policies), authenticity guarantees, and the availability of online platforms for transaction and portfolio management.

Managing Your New Precious Metals IRA

Strategies for managing a precious metals IRA include conducting annual reviews and rebalancing based on market conditions and personal investment goals. Staying updated on market trends and economic factors affecting precious metals, such as inflation rates and geopolitical events, is essential. Guidelines for IRS-compliant buying and selling within a precious metals IRA should be followed, focusing on the role of custodians in transaction facilitation and record-keeping.

Best Gold IRA Companies

Top Precious Metal Mints

Prominent mints like the United States Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, and Perth Mint are crucial for their global recognition and product purity, typically 99.99% for gold and silver. The unique attributes of their products, including special edition releases, innovative security features, and design excellence, set industry standards. These mints play a significant role in maintaining investor confidence through consistent quality and authenticity.

Best Private Mints For Precious Metal Bullion

Leading private mints such as PAMP Suisse and Sunshine Minting are known for their diverse product range, including unique designs and various sizes. Their market reputation for quality, purity, and security features is crucial for investor confidence and acceptance in the market.

Impact of Economic and Geopolitical Events on Precious Metals

An analysis of how economic events like recessions, inflation, and interest rate changes affect precious metal prices and demand is vital. The influence of geopolitical events such as international conflicts, trade agreements, and sanctions on the precious metals market should also be considered. Historical trends of precious metals during different economic cycles highlight their role as safe-haven assets in times of economic uncertainty. Focus on the User covers these topics in-depth so you can better understand how the prices of precious metals impact your IRA investments.

About Focus on the User & Our Gold IRA Services

Learn About FotU

Focus on the User (FotU) specializes in gold IRAs. Our gold IRA advisory firm provides the best resources and support so you can confidently open a gold IRA. Focus on the User has been in the gold IRA industry with 10+ years of experience located in Tampa, Florida. Invest gold, silver, platinum, or palladium in your retirement and start learning how to rollover your IRA or 401(k) to a gold IRA.

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Focus on the User
Focus on the User

Focus on the User are gold IRA specialists providing the best precious metal IRA resources and gold IRA consulting. Our gold IRA team provides the most helpful resources and support so you can start your own gold IRA to diversify for retirement.

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